When a person commits an act, which is punishable under the law it is called crime. The nature of the severity of punishment differs from nation to nation. In a few nations, the law is very strict. Capital punishment is given to serious crimes.
The following reasons can lead people to indulge in crime:
- Poverty: Where people are in very downtrodden condition, they are forced to indulge in crime. Their unsatisfied basic wants make them commit these. Poor people are socially vulnerable. They do not have access to food, good health care, etc. They do not have the financial capacity to buy good medicines like Ostelife. As a result, they resort to wrong methods of earning money. People who illegally immigrate into a nation do not have the right to work. So, they are forced to take up illegal jobs. This results in an increased crime rate.
- Psychological factors: At times people indulge in crime for psychological pleasures. Such an attitude is hard to correct through normal therapy. Normally it is tough to correct a person becoming criminal due to psychological factors.
- Uneven distribution of wealth: Sometimes wealth gets unreasonably accumulated in one place. This causes an uneven distribution of wealth in society. The concentration of wealth in one place creates imbalance. This leads to crime.
Sometimes omission of doing something is also classified as a crime. For example, when taxes are left unpaid it becomes tax evasion which is a crime. One cannot demand ignorance of the law. Even if the act of omission is done without intention, it becomes a crime.
Crime results in the following effects:
- It creates general disbelief in social law and order. It reduces motivation and security feeling of people.
- It causes damage to property and life. At times it can result in injuries. Considerable time is involved in rebuilding what is lost. The affected person suffers a monetary loss.
- The person who is assaulted during the crime undergoes depression and sleeplessness due to fear.
- It makes the state to incur more costs towards preventive measures against crime.
- When an increase in crime results in more insurance claims, it increases the insurance premium.
When crime surges the volume of cases handled by police and court will be very high. This can lead to backlog and delay in the judiciary system. When the work pressure of the police and judiciary increases, it can lead to mistakes. Handling crime in a delayed manner is risky. Any small identity mistake can lead to innocent deaths. This can further lead to legal complications.